Estimated quant HF market exposure falling sharply
Last week, we noted that our estimate of hedge fund exposure based on factor based analysis suggested L/S HF market exposure may have peaked in the second half of March (top left chart below), after increasing significantly from the record lows of mid-December, and the sharp rise in large speculators’ net long position in S&P 500 futures was a possible hedge. The reduction in market exposure is even more evident among quantitative funds (top right and bottom left charts). Quant fund market xposure appears to have peaked in Feb, but started to fall rapidly in late March, a couple of weeks into the current equity rally. Quant funds, not surprisingly, are down ~-1.9% over the last month. US L/S equity funds have been able to capture more of the month-long move up in equities, gaining 1.3%. But both categories of funds are now pulling back.
The reduction in market exposure may be in part due to quarter-end rebalancing of books, but the readings could be important for two reasons. First, a sharp fall in beta could be a contrarian bullish for equities if HFs are forced back in. Secondly, HFs are an important source of liquidity for the markets - particularly true of quant funds employing high-frequency algorithmic and programming trading strategies. A big drop in HF presence in the equity markets could result in rising volatility.
Significant estimated factor exposures for Equity Market Neutral funds:
Significant factor exposure changes since last week:
- M/N funds’ market exposure further underweights equities.
- Growth, large caps and high quality tilts. Positive inflationary expectations.
- Market exposure continues to decline rapidly.
- Large caps and High quality tilts rise. Inflationary expectations increase.
And lastly, another chart, this time depicting the Dow Jones Equity Market Neutral Index (DJHFEQMK). Not lookin' too hot.
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